For New Zealand's Christchurch golf clubs severely affected by the devastating earthquakes, there is still a long way to go before they are 100 per cent operational.
Canterbury Golf CEO Grant Lewis said the February earthquake would have a long-term impact and contribute to the loss of income and membership.
Christchurch Golf Club was one of the worst affected with major damage to its historic clubhouse and significant damage to the golf course.
Waimairi Beach Golf Club had its clubhouse condemned and demolished while nine holes remain unplayable.
Some of the other severely affected clubs include Hagley, Avondale and Rawhiti golf clubs. "Weedons and Greendale Hagleygolf clubs, and to a lesser extent Clearwater and Hororata, were damaged in the first earthquake," Lewis said.
"All these clubs have felt an immediate impact through loss of membership, corporate and group bookings and tournaments, which are a vital source of income.
"Avondale and Waimairi Beach are in the process of replacing their clubhouses, but Christchurch is stuck in a debate with the earthquake commission and insurance companies. The building will have to be replaced or rebuilt.
"Most courses are back in play except for Waimairi Beach, which has opened nine holes.
"Like Waimairi Beach - Christchurch, Hagley and Avondale golf courses had a lot of liquefaction and cracking, but they are well on their way back."
One of the reasons for the consistent drop-off in membership is due to population movement.
"We have seen a lowering of membership in the city clubs, particularly on the eastern side of the city, and an increase in membership in the North Canterbury area," Lewis said.
"I know the likes of Avondale and Waitikiri are struggling quite a bit at the moment with membership numbers in terms of the population in that area.
"People are moving out because their houses are virtually irreparable and they have deciding to move away from the eastern side of the city, which has been the worst affected."
Lewis said the Canterbury region received just under $100,000 in donations from New Zealand Golf, the PGA of Australia, the Royal and Ancient and various other organisations.
"That (money) has been passed on, but it doesn't go far when you spread it around the golf clubs," he said.
According to Lewis, there has been an eight per cent drop-off in membership in the Canterbury area in the past few years.
"That is consistent with the national trend of about five per cent overall," he said.
"We have got just under 13,000 affiliate members in the Canterbury region and have lost over 1000, which is significant.
"What we have seen in the last 12 months is more people playing the game casually and less people joining clubs.
"That begs the question - maybe the membership structures being offered to part-time golfer aren't attractive enough for them to join a club.
"That's an issue for clubs when they base their income on membership. Obviously, they are getting more in green fees, but they are losing members, which is a more stable source of income.
"The feedback we are getting from the retailer, industry players and driving ranges is a drop in income. Even green fee income is decreasing. "In some cases this is thousands of dollars per week, which will amount to tens of thousands by year's end."
"At Canterbury Golf we are doing everything possible to ensure members have the opportunity to play - whether it is at clubs, interclub competitions, tournaments or representative golf.
"We fully respect those that wish to put golf on the 'back burner' for a while, but we will continue to provide opportunities to those that want to play."
Lewis said New Zealand Golf was addressing the decline in membership issue.
"There are clubs that are struggling and they need to get some assistance or change what they are doing otherwise they won't be here in six months time."
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